Most pet parents have two goals when they set off for a walk with their dog: elimination and exercise.
While both are critical to maintaining a happy and healthy dog, limiting your pup to those basic elements skips an important part of the canine experience—engaging your dog’s sense of smell.
In large part, our dogs “see” the world through scent, and allowing them to interact with their environment through their noses taps into an often-overlooked processing tool.
“Our daily lives with our dogs typically don’t permit them to exploit the full abilities of their incredible noses,” says Alexandra Horowitz, author of “Being a Dog: Following the Dog Into a World of Smell.” “We hurry them along during walks, focused on the destination rather than the journey itself.”
But we can change that “hurry along” dynamic and encourage sniffing enrichment by letting our dogs’ noses lead the way. Here are some facts about your dog’s sense of smell and how to take a “scent walk” that takes full advantage of it.
How Dogs Understand Scents
Not only do dogs have hundreds of millions of scent receptors as compared our six million, but they also devote approximately 40 times more brain volume to decoding smells than we do.
This means that dogs are able to understand scent in a way that’s difficult for us to comprehend. A dog’s sense of smell can be loosely compared to human sight.
Dogs smell to gain context of their environment, which includes the unique signature of other beings that have traveled that route before them, as well as elements that are abstract, like the passage of time or pending weather changes.
A Dog’s Need to Sniff Is Often Taken for Granted
“We humans simply don’t see the world from an olfactory point of view: we not only can’t smell all that a dog can, we simply aren’t interested in smells in the same way,” Horowitz says. “So even though we now know that dogs need exercise and socialization, it’s taken longer for us to even see that they need to sniff.”
Dogs can be trained to sniff out bombs, bedbugs, and fugitives; they can locate the scat of endangered animals over land, air, and water; and can even detect certain cancers in humans. The scope of their abilities is almost beyond comprehension, which makes the accidental ways in which we discourage our dogs’ sniffing all the more unfortunate.
The Benefits of Scent Walks
Horowitz says that there’s an essential behavioral component that comes into play during scent walks.
“I’ve found that when dogs are allowed to use their noses, they actually display a lot less ‘misbehavior,'” she says. “It’s as if the thing that they have decided to be their’ work,’ barking at each approaching dog, say, or always being vigilant (and thus anxious) about where you are, can be replaced with this more natural behavior, if they are allowed to sniff. In other words, it makes them happy.”
That said, pet parents don’t always have the time to devote to nose-to-the-ground walks. Horowitz says that not every walk you take with your dog has to be a scent walk.
She says that pet parents can take their dogs for—and teach them the difference between—typical exercise walks, late night potty trips, and walks with other canine friends without needing to stop and sniff the world along the way.
But it’s important to make time for occasional smell walks as well. “Just leave some space for your dog to use their nose,” she says. Credit: Victoria Schade Apr 23, 2018
Monday to Friday 8-3
Your pup and I will take a long walk for 30 minutes and I’ll take a picture and give you a status every day.
I’ll also make sure there’s fresh water in their bowl and I’ll feed him/her if that’s appropriate to the day’s schedule. Of course, there will be a little playtime and a treat!